Megalithic heritage

The word "megalith" means - literally - simply a rock of gigantic size.

The megaliths refer to - in the archaeological sense - the monuments built by our distant ancestors, between the 5th and the 1st millennium BC, and some of whose remains have survived.

In Armorican Brittany, megalithic constructions are particularly numerous and sometimes well preserved. Most are now protected, valued, and accessible to the public.

It could be :

- cairns: construction of several tens of meters in length, in stone, covering a "covered walkway" that could serve as a burial place or place of worship. The most famous example, visible near Pleumeur-Bodou, is the famous Barnenez Cairn.

- alley-covered: when a cairn has been dismantled over the centuries, it often remains only the skeleton of the internal passage, forming an "alley-covered", and sometimes even the last vestige consisting of some stones forming a "dolmen". There are many examples in Pleumeur-Bodou: covered-alley of the Grande-Ile, covered-walkway of Prajou Menhir (today common Trébeurden, left before the bridge of the Ile-Grande), covered walkways of Kerguntuil (now Trégastel), dolmen Keryvon (at the edge of the road between Landrellec and Ile-Grande).

- menhirs: the "standing stones", whose Breton name is "peulvan", remain a mystery for archaeologists, but their ostentatious character suggests that they "signal" a presence, that of a community or its necropolis . Pleumeur-Bodou, the most famous example is the menhir of Saint-Uzec (also called "Penvern"), more than 6m high, and will be "Christianized" in the sixteenth century.

Later, at the end of the pre-Christian era (Celtic and Gallic era), the menhirs evolve towards smaller and less crude forms, much more refined and stylized: the Gallic "steles" were often destroyed, or debited but some of them are found at Pleumeur-Bodou, often on private land. An octagonal stele has recently been reported near the chapel of Saint-Uzec. And the most beautiful stele of all Brittany is none other than the famous stele of Trégastel, formerly visible at the Tourist Office of Trégastel.

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